Migraine is a condition which affects around 25% of the world’s population. Migraine is the most common type of headache which affects any individual at any age group. It is a debilitating condition which is commonly characterised by dull throbbing to sharp shooting pain on either side of the head, accompanied by aura. Aura is a group of symptoms which predispose the migraine attack. Auras are nausea, vomiting, flashes of light, blind spots, tingling on the face, arm or legs, and sensitivity to light or sound. There are many ways to get rid of your migraine and hence we have come up of a list to help you obtain the instant migraine relief you badly need.
First and foremost, medications. They are the sure shot way of treating migraines. The medications are divided into pain relieving medications and preventive medications. The pain relieving medications taken during an attack to stop the attack, to obtain instant relief. The different types of medications are pain relievers, triptans, ergots, anti nausea medications, opioids medications, and glucocorticoids. Each class of these drugs have different methods of working on stopping the migraine. The best option of medications are based on your individual needs. It is best to consult a doctor prior to deciding which medication to start. It is best to lie in a dark room after consuming the medication to prevent any sensory disturbances.
Preventive medications are those to be taken either daily on during the trigger period. Preventive medications are for those who have attacks longer than 12 hours, undergo 4 or more attacks in a month, or when pain relieving medications don’t work. They work by reducing the number of attacks, duration of attacks, or even reduce the associated symptoms. The types of preventive medications are beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, antidepressants, anti seizures and even Botox injections. These medications are prescription based and should only be consumed after a complete consultation.
The next best thing after medications is to relax. Migraines are triggered by stress most commonly and hence stress relieving are one of the best options to obtain instant migraine relief and to prevent future attacks. Meditation techniques, yoga, exercise can all relieve the effects of migraine. Sleeping in a dark quiet room with an ice pack over your head can reduce the severity of the migraine. Sleeping a minimum of 6 hours of a day prevents recurrent attacks.
A headache journal is essential in the treatment of migraines. By keeping a journal with the record of date and time of the attack, duration of the attack, aura, precipitating factors and mode of relieve either spontaneous or with medication. By keeping this journal is it helps you track what are the precipitating factors and the type of medication which stops the attack. Hence in the future you can prepare in advance when you see the aura and precipitating factors.
Acupuncture, the ancient chinese treatment using fine needles to realign the human meridian system. It is said that following acupuncture treatment, the number of attacks in a month has reduced and the severity of the attacks have decreased as well.
Palliative therapy has been known to treat and prevent migraines. Massage therapies and cognitive behavioural therapy has been known to reduce the incidences of migraine. Cognitive therapy teaches patients how to perceive and overcome the pain sensation during an attack, hence making them stronger and more abled to handle an attack.
These are the most common and effective methods to relieve migraines. By consuming these medications and undergoing these procedures you may relieve yourself of these symptoms. If you wish to enquire about the medications or speak to a doctor regarding your symptoms you may do so by talking to any migraine specialists.