The human body is complex and so is several health issues that at-times evolve unknowingly within our complicated structure; one such variant out of numerous ailments is Interstitial Cystitis (IC) or bladder pain syndrome (BPS). In general terms, IC / BPS is a chronic bladder health problem, essentially a painful feeling or pressure in the bladder area, and certain urinary tract concerns. The condition tends to first affect people in their 30s and 40s, and is more common in women than men.
The concern is, medical researchers are not exactly sure what causes IC / BPS and there are no known cures for the condition. We will, however, try and understand some commonly known symptoms and treatments for IC / BPS here:
- Symptoms of IC / BPS may vary from person to person, however, the most known indications for IC / BPS are urinary pain (mild to severe) that lasts for more than six weeks and is not clearly caused by conditions, such as infection and/or kidney stones.
- IC / BPS may also result from conditions that cause inflammation in various organs and parts of the body.
- At-times IC / BPS starts with urinary frequency that is the need to urinate more often than normal during both day and night.
- Urgency to urinate is another symptom for IC / BPS, wherein some patients feel a long-lasting urge to pass urine. A patient may not notice or see this as a problem.
- Both men and women with IC / BPS may have issues with their sex-life; females may feel pain during sex as the bladder is right in front of the vagina, while men may have painful orgasm and/or pain the next day.
- In other cases, some people feel mild discomfort, pressure and/or tenderness in the pelvic area, intense pain in the bladder, as well as an unusual leaking of urine.
- Lifestyle Modifications: This may include changing diet-habits, relieving mental / physical stress, increasing physical activities, quitting smoking, changing drinking habits, and taking planned toilet breaks.
- Prescribed Medications: Patients may get relief by using some over-the-Counter (OTC) painkillers (paracetamol / ibuprofen) or on-prescription painkillers (amitriptyline / gabapentin), OTC anti-histamines (cetirizine), certain anti-depressants. All medicines, even OTC drugs, may have side effects, so it is always better to consult your doctor before using any medication.
- Physical Therapies: Your physiotherapist may suggest massaging the pelvic floor muscles to reduce any strain on your bladder, while another therapy is to train your bladder to hold more urine before needing to go for toilet.
- Surgery: Most people with IC / BPS do not require any surgery, however, if the pain remains unbearable even after trying other treatments, your physician may consider a surgery.
IC / BPS may lead to undesired modifications in our life patterns, resulting in significantly impacting our diet habits and pushing us in a stressed mode. Therefore, it is always best to keep a sneak-peek on your urology related issues and get in touch with best urologist in Delhi.