What Causes Gum or Periodontal Disease? How can it be Treated?

Periodontal or gum diseases is one of the leading factors of tooth loss amongst the adults. This disease occurs when the toxins stuck in the plaque have started to irritate the gum tissue or the gingiva. The bacteria causing the same is called gingivitis, which leads to gum tissue and underlying bone destruction. If not treated, it eventually results in tooth or teeth loss.

Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  1. Unexpected bleeding

Your mouth bleeds when you brush, floss or eat food. It is one of the most common symptoms of gum disease. The toxins in plaque cause the bleeding.

  1. Pain, redness or swelling of the gums

This infection causes the gums to swell, redden or cause pain for absolutely no reason. It is important to put a halt to this before it affects the gum tissue and jaw bone, and this infection is carried into the bloodstreams to other parts of the body.

  1. Your teeth look longer

This disease can cause gum recession. The toxins in the plaque are secreted by the bacteria which can affect the supporting bones and tissues in the mouth, hence making your teeth look longer.

  1. Bad breath or halitosis

Albeit there are many reasons of having a bad breath, but the bacteria resting in our mouth, interacting with the toxins in the plaque contributes to the bad bread or halitosis.

  1. Your teeth are loose and there is a change in bite pattern

A noticeable sign of periodontitis is when your teeth become loose, sometimes they shift too, in the affected area. In the case of bone tissue destruction, the tightly held teeth will become loosened and may shift in position.

  1. Pus

Pus emerging from the affected area of your mouth is also a noticeable symptom of periodontitis.

How can it be treated?

  1. Laser Treatment

This is one of the most effective treatments to cure the gum disease. Laser treatment helps in reducing the size of your pockets that exist between gum and teeth.

  1. Tissue and bone grafting

When a lot of the bone or gum tissue has been affected, all you need is the grafting of tissues by embedding a new membrane in order to stimulate growth. College Station dentist are adept at this field.

  1. Pocket elimination surgery

In this treatment, the dentist may choose to perform a flap surgery to eliminate or reduce the size of the gum pockets.